Estate Planning Chaos for the Business Owners

Why do some Business Owners have higher costs than others when…


–      They settle their estates…
–      They retire…
–      They transfer their business….
Let’s call the above items, “triggers” 
Over the years I have had the experience of seeing the end results of the estate settlement process for many business ownersIn many cases the results were not pretty because of the excess settlement costs. From my own experiences and case studies with associates, I have come to the realization that some business owners have higher estate transfer costs than other business owners. The interesting thing is the excess costs can be controlled by the estate owner. 

Business owners usually have more value in their estates because of business values and settling the estate can be usually more complex. But as mentioned, in my opinion, there are controllable aspects of the costs and ways to mitigate these costs.


Estate transfers Cost: Three major reasons for higher costs!

 No planning: This includes not having any plan, or not updating any earlier planningTheir estates are complex, and they need more than surface planning when their situation calls for more complex planning to carry out their goalsThis takes more time and moneyWithout it they pay a price in estate settlement because they designed the wrong plan or have no plan at all. 

No time: In many cases, there isn’t any time to make changesIt is too lateAll the changes should have been made in advance. Therefore, working on their business and estates yearly is a major benefit as opposed to waiting until it’s “too late”. 

Owners don’t spend enough time asking the “what if’s” of their situations. Every year many changes come out of Washington that affect business and estate planningBeing unaware of these changes makes them vulnerable to excessive estate settlement costsIn many cases the business owner loses by default. 

No liquidity: Settling the estate takes moneyIn many cases, most of the wealth is in the business and other personal hard assets which are difficult to turn into cash within a o  brief period.

§  Even if they could be liquidated, they either run the risk of losing value, or causing major tax issuesConsequently, the estate is open until the taxes are paid and dissolution of assets is completed, causing major costs. Wealth gets stuck in business and its value is at the mercy of the market and other economic factors. 

§  To prevent the lack of liquidity, we suggest that business owners use the business cash flow to create executive compensation plans with tax-free death benefits, and tax-free withdrawals. By doing this they create liquidityWhen an estate owner dies, there is a guarantee that a tax-free death benefit will create the liquidity neededFunded by the company cash flow

Succession of the Business

No planning within the business for successor management. No building of a key group or key person to learn the business as an owner. Consequently , when the time for transition is near, there aren’t many optionsThis affects the “most potential value” of the business. The time to start planning transition of the business is when you start your business or buy a business! The key group is also the group that starts to define the culture of the business, making it easier to attract talented employees. 

 No systematizing of the business- the owner has not taken the time to prepare systemsEverything is in their heads, literallyThere are no written down notes, no manuals or guides to pass on the instructions to others“In simpler terms, the boss must be around for things to get done.”   This limits the future ability to sell the businessPurchasers are looking to buy a business that has growth potentialNor do purchasers in most cases want to invest in a company that has to restructure its operations. A purchaser is not likely to invest in a company where systems are not in place, and which are not transferable. 

  No development of “value drivers” to create growth and culture. Consequently, there is no culture, systems, and no middle management to take on responsibilities or a group to transfer the business to as mentioned aboveThis is a major issue with companies. A true test is asking the business owner if they can take 30 or more days off a yearIf not, I tell them they have a job, but not a business. The owner of the business has not let go of the control they have of the business. It’s the business that controls the owner


Retirement Planning and Why the Wrong Type Causes Chaos!

 The wrong type of retirement plan- although qualified plans like 401k’s or profit-sharing plans are good for rank and file. They are not always the best retirement vehicle for high income business owners for a few reasonsQualified plans are riddled with rules that business owners don’t need in their life. Qualified plans are needed in the company to attract employees, so in many cases, they are a particularly good method of attracting employeesHowever, for the business owner, Executive Compensation plans are more usefulHere are why qualified plans can be a thorn in the side of the high earning business owner:   

  • No discretion as to who gets what amount in the plan-meaning the owner doesn’t get 100% of the distributed amount.
  • Who is to be in the plan- The owner can’t discriminate as to who should take part in the plan
  •  No use of money 59 1/2 without penalty- Business owners are always looking for cash to support their businesses. The inability to withdraw funds from their retirement account is problematic when funds are needed
  •   Age 72 RMD forcing high income owners to pay more taxes- business owners usually have other assets to rely on for incomeIt could be passive income from rents, income from the business and income from investments
  •   IRS in your life – Qualified plans need to file with IRSHowever, if business owners used executive compensation plans, this is something they could avoid. 

Many business owners can use executive compensation programs to develop wealth outside of their businesses and get great tax efficiency. For example, using a “Corporate Equity Executive Plan” will allow the owner of a company to use the company cash flow, pay 10% of the tax they would pay under a pension plan, and create a tax-free family bankThe family bank allows the owner to use the money, tax-free, any way they wishAlso, they are not forced to take the money out when they are retired. 

For more information about business planning, I am offering YOU A FREE copy of my eBook, “Unlocking Your Business DNA” FREE Business guide which will help you understand some of the planning concepts used in retirement planning, business succession and estate planningCLICK HERE for your free download. Your book will be downloaded automatically. 


If any problems with your download please email me; tperrone@necgginc.com

“The Story of Retirement for The Business Owner” 

It is quite common for an employer to think in terms of a qualified retirement program when they think of retirement.  The benefits of having a company plan would be tax-deductibility, tax deferred, an employee benefit to help attract employees, and a host of other reasons to have one.  Most companies should have a long-term retirement plan for their employees. Most accountants will normally jump on this idea because it is another tax deduction.  

However, what is rarely discussed are the benefits that the owner of the company receives from the qualified retirement plan!   In most cases, the qualified retirement Plan will not be the best choice for the owner of the company, for various reasons.   

Here are a few disadvantages for the high-income business owner:  

  1. No control of deposit amounts  
  1. Limited contributions 
  1. Government controlled IRS FILING 
  1. Administration costs- actuarial costs, filing, accounting 
  1. Employer is the fiduciary is having responsibility and accountability to the plan (what happens when the employee loses money in the market?) 
  1. After-tax cost and non-recovery of the net outlay for the company 
  1. The percentage of payout for the employer is usually a much smaller percentage compared to the employees when they retire, so the employer owner is being discriminated against  
  1. The withdrawal is 100% taxable on all the funds 
  1. Tax exposure and penalty for using the funds before 59 ½.      
  1. Forced distribution RMD 
  • For the employee, having a 401k and/or profit-sharing plan is a great deal.  They could have matched contribution’s ability also.  It is probably one of the best ways for people to save for their retirement.   
  • The business owner or highly paid executive has the problem of creating enough capital for retirement so it can produce enough income to narrow the gap between their final pay and retirement needs.  In most cases, because of the limits imposed on qualified plans and the taxability of the withdrawals, the qualified plan will not be the answer.   
  • High Earning Business Owners – it’s a different story! 
  • However, for the high earning employer, this is not a great deal compared to other executive compensation plans the employer could be. implemented for them.  There are several major pension destroyers for the employer when comparing retirement plans vs executive compensation plans.  
  • Disadvantages of a qualified retirement plan to the “high earning business owner”, compared to using a CEEP! 

  • Limited contribution amount 
  • 100% of withdrawal taxable at retirement – With a CEEP you control the contribution amount 
  • Pre 59 1/2 with penalty.  
  • Funds in a qualified contribution plan would be very hard to extract (hardship clauses) 
  • Bottom line, when the employer needs funds to build inventory, buy equipment, payroll, retirement funds are not a source, however, in a private executive compensation plan, they would be.  
  • With a CEEP you have access to funds without a penalty 
  • Death benefit; limited to accumulated fund, and taxable in a pension.  
  • With an executive compensation plan like the CEEP, the death benefits are tax-free and large 
  • CEEP would have a large tax-free death benefit to finish the retirement that wasn’t even started, and the benefit would be tax-free 
  • Deductible:   
  • Contribution plans are tax deductible as the contributions are made, consequently showing a charge to earnings in the year of contribution.   
  • CEEPs are balance sheet friendly as a receivable asset with interest.  
  • CEEPs can be cost recoverable for the company, while retirement contributions are not. The qualified pension contributions are normally tax-deductible when made, but not recoverable for the company.  
  • With a qualified plan, you are forced to take RMD (Required minimum distributions) 
  • With CEEP, you are not.  CEEPS distributions are tax-free. 

Table below: A qualified contributory plan doesn’t do the job when the owner of a company has an interest in growing wealth through their business.  As mentioned, the contribution must be shared with the other employees, and there are rules as to the maximum contribution which high earners can make.  In this case, the owner only could put the $30,000 in their account. With the CEEP Executive Compensation plan, the full $50,000 could be deposited into the account of the owner of the company! 

Plan Contribution Future Value 66 Gross 15 payout Taxes YRLY Net Income 
Qualified 30,000 893,351 80,348 24,104 56,244 
CEEP 50,000 1,863,708 165,099 165,099 

Many advisors including accountants, lawyers, and financial professionals are not aware of some of the great programs that can be designed using executive compensation.  The CEEP program (Corporate Executive Equity Plan) is a flexible design built around the tax code.   

Here is a chart comparing a Profit-Sharing Plan/401k and a specially designed CEEP Executive Compensation Plan.  

ITEM PROFIT SHARING 401K CEEP 
Tax deductible Yes Yes, optional 
Tax deferred growth Yes Yes 
Government Controlled Yes No 
Selective as to Participants No Yes 
Pre 59 1/2 availability  No Yes 
Tax Free withdrawal No Yes 
Death Benefit Only current accumulated value of account, taxable Immediate substantial tax-free benefit 
Required Minimum Distribution Yes  No 

Bottom line:   

Contributory plans like 401k’s, SEPS, simple plans and IRA are wonderful plans for employees to save money for their retirement.  However, given the above list of restrictions for employers, they are not effective for high income business owners in my opinion.   

Note:   I used 30% marginal bracket. Over a 15-year payout, the pension would have a $361,560 tax liability, while the CEEP was tax free.

To learn more about The Small Business Super Retirement Plan Just for Business Owners and High Earning Executives, request our free White Paper. CLICK HERE! 

The Costly KNEE JERK FINANCIAL SUGGESTION!

Over the years, I have been asked by business owners how they can use their company to create more tax deductions and to build retirement funds for themselvesWhen you put tax deductions and retirement funds in the same sentence, it suggests the vanilla response, of a pension plan of some type or a contributory retirement plan, like a profit-sharing plan, or a 401k. 

However, is that what a business owner is really askingOr, do they mean, they would like to build retirement funds through the business and assume they can get tax deductionsOr do both elements co-exist in the plan that they are thinking of? I think most advisors would suggest a 401k plan, a cash balance plan, a simple plan, or a profit-sharing plan for example. 


 This is what I call the costly, KNEE JERK REACTION. When asked by a business owner, about retirement plans, I have learned to slow it down and ask the business owner to clarify exactly what they are trying to accomplish, rather than rattle off a KNEE JERK response, such as a “profit sharing plan, or 401k plan”

Questions like:  

–      Do you want to include everyone in the plan? 

–      Do you only want to favor yourself and family? 

–      Are you trying to give a benefit to a specific employee?

Do you want all the contributions to end up in your account, or are you willing to share with other employees? If so, how many and who?

If the employer/employee is trying to stockpile contributions to their account, they will have limitations with money purchase plans (limitations on contributions for 2022 of $58,000.) This makes it hard to deposit substantial amounts of money into the employer’s individual account, since they must include everyone

Based on the response, this will determine how I design the planIf he wants to spread the dollar among the group, you are talking about a qualified retirement planOn the other hand, if they want limitations as to who can be involved, they are speaking about a non-qualified executive compensation plan

In this model, I compared two scenarios so my client would have an idea of the difference in absolute dollarsI based the model on conservative values and returns, staying consistent with both types of plansI am comparing a CEEP to a Hypothetical Pension plan (money purchase plan). [i]

As you can see in the chart below, based on the same parameters for each plan, the CEEP program created much more retirement benefits for the owner than a qualified retirement plan

The owner participant received a much higher payout (tax-free), than the pension plan. In addition, if the owner died, from day one, the CEEP plan would pay a substantial tax-free amount to the family, while the qualified plan would only pay what was in the account which would be taxable to the beneficiaryThe CEEP death benefit would be 100% tax free and would not be required to be withdrawn at death, or older ages like a pension or IRA plan would

Once you compare a CEEP to the Pension plan, you can then see why defining exactly what the owner wants to accomplish is important as both plans offer different benefits and different tax scenarios

KNEE JERK advice happens more than you thinkAnd when it does, it can cost your client a lot of money, NOT to mention your reputation as an advisor

In this case, the “Knee Jerk” suggestion to use a pension plan to solve the problem, shortchanged the business owner from having greater benefits for the future when compared to the suggested pension plan. 


[i] In this scenario, the owner could only put in $30,000 of contribution out of the $50,000.  Based on a five many company and different salary ranges. 

REQUEST our free Business Essentials Report.  This report is more than a report, it is a resource and guide to many planning ideas for business owners.  It is an immediate download CLICK TO RECEIVE

Rushing Through the Most Important Document in Your Business!

In my career I have experienced several business owners rushing through the implementation stages of designing their buy and sell agreement (BSA), probably one of the most important documents they will ever need, treating the process with little thought.   As Rodney Dangerfield would say, “No respect”.  When it was completed, it was very basic, doing more harm than good. 

In some cases, maybe more than I think, the document being used by the drafting attorney was a “hand me down” from another attorney.  While the “hand me down form” may have been useful in drafting another person’s situation and making it easier for the drafting attorney to do, it was not going to maximize my client’s planning situation.

In Paul Hood’s great book, “Buy And Sell Agreements, Last Will And Testament For Your Business”, he covers the consequences of not designing the right buy and sell agreement, and how important it is to spend the time and money preparing and designing this important document, with an experienced lawyer.  [i]

Paul specifically speaks about attorneys using a “hand me down agreement”, and how it may be more harmful by having it than not. 

The “Paul Hood Fire Drill”

He uses the idea of the “fire drill”. What happens when a “trigger happens? What will be the outcome and the consequences based on how your BSA is set up (or not set up), when you play it out. Like you were the leaving owner, and then again as the remaining owner.  On a personal note, the “fire drill” advocated by Paul is something I use all the time and has been instrumental helping my clients and their attorneys in drafting the proper strategies for their situations.  I have found that this has been a great way of helping my clients design the best BSA for themselves. It has allowed them to make it real and start developing questions and ideas that they can implement in their design. It keeps them involved with the process.

The “Fire Drill” strategy has put my clients in the “power seat” of knowledge, so when they discuss their BSA with their attorney, the elements and strategies that are being used are not foreign to them. This consequently helps them design a better BSA, reducing the time needed to spend with their attorney ($$$$$).    

Keep in mind, many business owners start the process of designing the BSA when there has been no experience of consequences with an owner or co-owner leaving the company. 

Everyone is Equal at the Start!

When owners design their BSA, they are all equal in status.  People that enter into agreements want the agreement to favor them when a triggering event happens, even if the agreement has not been updated in years or there is no reference to the triggering event. 

When are clients initially design their BSA, it probably will be one of the few times that all the partners will be negotiating with each other, because when there is a triggering event, chances are they will be negotiating with someone other than their co-owner.  

The representative of the departing co-owner will have a different perspective as to what they want out of the BSA!  Whether it is the spouse, their child, their law firm, whomever, they will be negotiating from a different point of interest.

Business relationships, and friendships are put aside.  It is at this point you would hope your BSA covers all the areas of concern that need to be covered.  The bottom line is the agreement must be exact as to what will specifically happen based on the triggering event.  There is no room for errors if the document is specific.  The best time to do this is when everyone is on equal ground. 

For this reason, owners designing their BSA with their attorney should take it very seriously because they are really pre-negotiating for the people, they love the most without any certainty of which trigger will occur and which side of the trigger they will be on, leaving or a remaining co-owner.

It is extremely important that the triggering events be identified and that you will understand what will occur with each trigger event.  

Paul Hood’s “fire drill” has made it easier for my clients to understand the importance of designing a solid BSA.  By posing questions to the scenario, the BSA becomes very real to them.  

Examples of how they would play out the “fire drill”  

·       What if you’re the first co-owner to leave?

·       What if you’re the last remaining original owner? 

·       What if you end up with a co-owner you don’t want to be owners with? 

·       What happens if one of your co-owners, dies, divorces, or goes bankrupt?  

      By implementing your “fire drill”, you will start to formulate different scenarios for your own situation creating your own buy and sell design.  

This is a critical document in keeping your business going should a trigger happen to any of the co-owners.  Unfortunately, you must deal with it in advance and before there is a triggering event. 

Risks when implementing your BSA:  

·       Using an attorney who is using a fill in the blank form.

·       Not planning the scenarios before designing the plan. 

·       Not having a BSA.

·       Not signing it. 

·       No dealing with how to fund such triggers.  

There are so many elements to the buy and sell agreement that need to be covered, the planning of this document can’t be taken lightly.  However, that is not to say you can’t have a great BSA.  Having experienced professionals to help guide you through the process will pay off great benefits in designing and implementing your BSA. 

We suggest you find competent counsel who has experience in designing the buy and sell agreements and discuss your goals and objectives with them. 

Again, my best advice is pick up Paul Hoods book (“Buy and Sell Agreements, last will and testament for your businesss”.) Read and study it. 

 If you would like our free Business Succession and Transition Planning Guide, click the link and we will send you a FREE WHITE PAPER to get you started. in your planning.   YOUR FREE GUIDE


[i] E. Paul Hood is a prolific technical author. He has published a number of books on planning and is one of the leaders in estate planning and business succession planning.  

You As A Business Owner Have the Best Bank In Town!

WHO WANTS TO BUILD MORE WEALTH THROUGH THEIR BUSINESS?  

Did you know as a small business owner, have access to the best possible loan arrangements to create future wealth. This little know secret in the tax code, which has been used by large companies and savvy financial professionals for decades, allows you to use your company cash flow to create tax-free wealth, at a nominal tax cost.   

Take 10 minutes to see how $55,000 creates $1,875,000 of tax-free wealth.  

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Consequences Of Not Creating A Buy and sell agreement!

Part 2 

BY Thomas J. Perrone, CLU, CIC 

S Corporations enjoy the advantages of limited liability, transferability of ownership and professional business operation and management. The S Corporation is taxed similarly to a partnership, as it is a pass through to the shareholders.  

The C Corporation is taxed at the Corporation level first. When the C Corporation is profitable and generates taxable profits. When profits are distributed to the individual shareholder it is taxed again when dividends are received by the shareholder.  

You will find S Corporations normally when the individual rates are lower than the Corporation rates. Also, losses in the S Corporation shareholders may benefit, by deduction, the losses on their individual tax returns.  

S Corporation requirement 

  • No more than 100 shareholders- members of family are considered one shareholder 
  • Must be a domestic corporation 
  • Only individuals, a decedent’s estate, estate of individuals in bankruptcy, and certain trusts are eligible shareholders of s Corporation 
  • No shareholder can be a nonresident alien 
  • One class of stock (different voting rights are allowed) 

Basis and S Corporation 

There is only one level of taxation in the S Corporation. That is at the shareholder’s level.  

If the shareholders basis exceeds the distribution, the shareholder usually will not be taxed when they receive the distribution.  

If the S Corporation has never filed as a C Corporation and has no retained earnings or profits, distributions received by an s Corporation shareholder are not subject to income tax if the distribution does not exceed the shareholder’s basis. Consequently, the larger the basis the greater amount of distribution can be taken tax-free.  

Quick overview of Basis 

  • nontaxable distributions of previously taxed income 
  • income distributed in the same year in which it was earned 
  • losses 
  • nondeductible expenditures such as life insurance expenses 

Keep in mind that the adjustments to shareholder basis is an ongoing procedure and will vary from their initial contribution to, or investment in, the Corporation. Usually, a service corporation will have a low basis because of the low initial investment made in these types of businesses.  

Life insurance to fund the Buy and Sell Agreement 

Life Insurance can have several advantages for S Corporations in a buy-sell agreement.  

A nondeductible expenditure such as life insurance premiums decreases a shareholders’ basis in an S Corporation. The cash value policy can help offset, eliminate, this adverse situation.  

Life insurance cash value helps offset the premium charged to the capital account. The cash value offsets the premium paid so that the decrease to the capital account is offset by the cash value of the policy.  

 As an example, if the premiums are $15,000 and the cash value increases by $12,000, then only $3,000 is charged to the capital account reducing the basis of the stockholder by $3,000. As opposed to having a term insurance policy with a premium of $4,000. The permanent coverage will have less effect on the basis reduction of the stockholder than the lower term insurance premium.  

Over a longer period, there will be in increase over the premium, consequently eliminating the basis reduction. In the term insurance scenario, the reduction of cost basis will continue. In some cases where the term must be renewed, or the term has an increasing premium, the lowering of the basis can be substantial.  

Death benefit and basis 

If the life insurance is set up as a redemption basis, it is possible to plan for an increase in basis for the remaining stockholders, by using a promissory note for the deceased stockholder before settling the life insurance claim. Since the death benefit is tax free income, it will increase the basis. Example:  there are three stockholders, A dies. Instead of making the claim on the life insurance, A is bought out using a short-term promissory note. Once completed, the death claim is filed, and proceeds will come in tax free for the remaining stockholders which will increase their basis. If the death benefit were used for the decedent, there would have been a wasting of the basis since the decedent’s estate would normally receive a stepped-up cost basis.  

Stock Redemption in S Corporation 

The buy and sell agreement are between the stockholders and the Corporation. The S Corporation owns the policy on the stockholders and is the beneficiary of the policy. Death proceeds to the Corporation are tax free and increase the basis of the stockholders. A big advantage to arranging the buy and sell agreement under an S Corporation is avoiding the alternative minimum taxes and the loss of basis found in a C Corporation.  

Cross Purchase buy and sell in s Corporation  

The arrangement all owners of a business agree upon in advance to purchase proportionate shares of the decedent shareholder’s interest. Each stockholder would own life insurance on the other stockholder(s) and be the beneficiary.  

  • Life insurance premium is a nondeductible personal expense 
  • Shareholders receive the death benefit federal income tax-free 
  • The surviving stockholder uses the funds to purchase the stock, which will increase the basis of their holdings, by the amount purchased.  

Some key issues:  

Section 318 Attribution Rules  

In a C Corporation, attributions can be avoided for tax purposes by arranging the buy and sell agreement under a Cross Purchase. Since the Corporation is not redeeming the stock, and it is the stockholder, attribution and the treatment of the redemption being treated like a dividend distribution is avoided.  

In an S Corporation, if the S Corporation does not have retained earnings or profits , it will have the same tax result as if the shares were sold or exchanged, allowing the shareholder to recover their basis tax-free, with any amounts exceeding. Basis being treated as capital gains.  

 A poorly structured buy-sell agreement could result in the loss of S Corporation status, as well as the possibility of increasing the surviving shareholder’s tax burden on future distributions from, or on, the sale of the S Corporation. However, there are some great advantages of setting up a proper buy-sell agreement which can be even greater advantages than those available to C Corporations.  

FREE REPORT “Jones Business Planning and Succession Report” ASK FOR REPORT R3 

CLICK HERE 

Conclusion: 

The S corporation can be a great tool for many business owners as a corporate structure. A Buy and Sell Agreement must be carefully considered and drafted with consideration of avoiding the loss of an S Corporation Election.  

How The Buy-Sell Agreement Fits Within the Scope of An S Corporation!  

Part 1 

BY Thomas J. Perrone, CLU, CIC 

Normally, a business makes up a substantial portion of the owners’ net worth. Many business owners do not think about what will happen to their business in the event of their death or a life changing event (trigger).  

This article will focus on why a buy and sell is an important document, one of the most important you will need. 

We will also discuss the buy and sell agreement in the context of an S Corporation since S Corporations are extremely popular. 1 

Consequences of not creating a buy-sell Plan.  

  • Stress on the business’ cash flow or credit line having to purchase the decedents owner’s interest  
  • Unqualified and instability with employees running the company 
  • Disagreements and conflict among heirs increasing administration time and costs 
  • Lack of a market for business which may potentially represent a significant value in the estate 
  • Suppressed value much below fair market value to raise cash for estate needs 
  • Termination of the business 
  • Instability amount employees and creditors 
  • Lack of liquidity to pay estate taxes and other administration costs 
  • Stream of income to remaining family members from the business is lost 
  • Valuation disagreements and IRS litigation 
  • Nightmares of not having a Buy and Sell agreement in a S Corporation! Loss of eligibility as a S Corporation resulting in involuntary termination of the S. Corporation status 
  • Most transfers to entities such as partnership, Corporation and most trusts are prohibited transfers 
  • A termination of S Corporation status will cause the Corporation to be taxed as a C Corporation as of the day of termination creating income tax consequences to the shareholders.  
  • Corporation, which is terminated, must wait five years before making a new S Corporation election, resulting in Corporation being taxed on its net profits for five years.  
  • The surviving shareholder could face additional tax burdens on future ongoing Corporation distribution and on those made upon the sale of the Corporation 

Funding the buy and sell agreement is always a challenge to companies, because it comes down to four ways of funding a triggering event 

  1. Borrowing money from the bank 
  1. Using cash flow out of the business 
  1. Life insurance death benefit 
  1. Cash  

When you compare the costs of funding the buy and sell agreement, life insurance will be the least expensive by a long shot, in most cases, especially, based on a death trigger.  

Other triggers, like divorce, sudden removal from the firm, voluntary and non-voluntary removal from the firm, bankruptcy, and disability are triggers where there is not a death benefit being paid, but money is needed. In these cases, a promissory note may be used in conjunction with a term payout, or installment loan payout.  

However, the cash buildup of a life insurance policy could be used as a funding vehicle especially if the policy has been in force for many years.  

In Part 2 we will investigate how the buy and sell agreement fits within the scope of an S Corporation.  

FREE REPORT “Jones Business Planning and Succession Report” ASK FOR REPORT R3 

CLICK HERE 

Creating Great Personal Wealth With Your Business Income!

In my planning with many companies over the years, I realize that many business owners are not using the corporate cash flow to create wealth outside of the business. Normally they are using their after-tax dollars to buy financial products to create a benefit for them personally.

Many of the business owners feel they need to put all their current dollars into the business. This is a mistake! The reason this is a mistake is the business equity can get tied up just like a home-equity can. At a time when the business owner needs his business equity the most, is usually at a time when he cannot get it out for one reason or another. Business equity is not very liquid as it is tied up in receivables, loans, inventory, and the like. By putting too much of the business owner’s wealth in the business, they are risking the loss of it in the future, or the very least, the ability for its use for some major cost.

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Owning a business creates opportunities to use the corporate dollars to create personal wealth outside the business. I call these benefits executive compensation. Normally you can arrange executive compensation programs to be highly effective and efficient tax wise. The corporate dollar can do more for you than the owner could do on their own personal dollar. We have many programs where the corporation is taking a deduction and creating wealth for the owner and their family which is positioned outside of the business.

Below is a project we worked on which shows the value of the corporate cash flow. The names of been changed to protect the innocent, but the case history explains how effective using your corporation cash flow to create wealth outside of your company!

The Case Of Joey Bag Of Donuts

This is the case of Joey Bag of Donuts and his pursuit of keeping wealth outside of his business.  You see, over the years working with Joey Bag of Donuts we told him that leaving too much of his wealth in the business can be problematic, especially when the time came that he needed to exit his business.  He heard me tell him many times, that someday he will leave his business by either a death, disability, or retirement_, and taking the wealth with you when you need it the most, can be a problem, if you do not have the right exit strategy. _

There are many reasons wealth gets lost in a business when it is sold.  It can range from bad planning to bad luck, but Joey Bag of Donuts always remembered to keep as much of his personal wealth outside of the business as possible.  Therefore, he purchased his company building and put it in a separate LLC.  Joey Bag of Donuts also believes in putting as much of his income into the company pension plan. Again, this plan is outside of the business.

We also taught him to have his company support whatever it can legally towards his personal lifestyle.  For example, his cars, gas, some entertainment, health insurance, retirement, and other things are paid for through the company.

Joey Bag of Donuts wanted to put more money away for himself and his family’s future, but did not want to use his own funds, so why not have the company support more retirement contributions?

He already had a profit-sharing plan, and he was sharing company contributions with his employees.

We decided that a non-regulated plan was the best way to go, so we developed a plan for only him.  The plan is a combination of two concepts.  We call this the CEEP PLAN (CORPORATE EXECUTIVE EQUITY PLAN).

The plan is a discriminatory plan, so Joey Bag of Donuts can pick himself or anyone else he wants, unlike a profit sharing or 401k plan, which is a regulated plan.

THE PLAN: As you can see, the company made all the contributions, and took the deductions for them.  Joey Bag of Donuts was the sole participant of the plan. His cost was “0” out of pocket and he ends up with almost $800,000 of cash at retirement.  He also could turn the cash into a tax-free income stream.  In this case it was $67,500 tax-free income. The stream of income is worth more than $1,215,000.  Along with that he has a death benefit of $2,300,000 payable to his family tax-free.

THE BOTTOM LINE: Joey Bag of Donuts gets retirement income using corporate funds.  All the contributions can be applied to just his account.  He also has the use of the account before retirement, like a “family bank,” along with the ability to withdraw funds tax-free.[1]  There would be no 10% penalty if withdrawn before 59 ½.

THE RESTRICTED PLAN: The “Restricted Plan” relates to an employee of the company that the owner wants to make a “A key person To Hold onto Forever.”  This is a terrific way of giving someone a benefit with a vesting schedule, so they stay longer.

Summary: If you own a company and are not taking advantage of the CEEP program, you are missing one of the genuinely great executive benefits available to you as a business owner.  The plan is flexible so you can design it to your needs.

OVERVIEW OF THE PLAN (Summary):[i]  Type of Model: CEEP

EMPLOYER

Yearly Premium Payment:  $25,000

Yearly Net Cost:  $17,500

Total Gross Premium to Retirement: $675,000

Total Net. Premiums to Retirement: $472,500

Total Loans:

For Tax Costs: $202,500

For Interest Costs:  $112,003

Net Cost of Loans: $314,503

If Loan Forgiven, Net cost:  $220,152

EMPLOYEE

Annual Average Interests: $4,148.25

Loan Payoff AT Retirement:[2]  $314,503

Net Cost:  0 (all funding came from Ajax Company)

AT RETIREMENT:

Rollout Amount:  $94,350.83

Tax Cost on Forgiveness of loan[3]:  $94,350.83

Net Cost to Mr. Joey Bag Of Donuts

ll :  0 cost out of pocket[ii]

Cash Value in policy after rollout/forgiveness:  $793,4 29

Death Benefit After Rollout: $2,306,317

Tax-Free Retirement Yearly Income: $67,500

Equivalent Pretax Payout Before Taxes:   $96,429

Years of Retirement Income:18

Total Retirement Income:  $1,215,000

All and all, not a bad arrangement.

[1] Fund in excess of the collateralized amount.

[2] Funds are withdrawn from policy tax-free, results are “0” cost to Mr. Joey Bag Of Donuts

[3] Fund come from policy tax-free.

[i]This is only a summary of the illustration attached to this book.  The illustration is a hypothetical model of how the policy would work.

[ii] This is a fully funded Employer plan. There is “0” cost out of pocket for Mr. Joey Bag Of Donuts

For a free repot on creating Wealth Without Taxes, CLICK HERE! REQUEST R2 REPORT
This report will discuss the methods which will allow your business to use its cash flow to create wealth for you outside your business at the most tax effective way of creating wealth. Executive Compensation CEEP planning is more tax effective than a 401k, 403b, or any other pension and retirement plan. 

As a business owner you have the opportunity to create an amazing amount of wealth with little tax cost. Start with the report and find out how you can create your wealth and your financial security for the future. 

Pension Maximization Using Life Insurance To Provide The Guaranteed Capital!

For people who are in pension plans, (yes there are some in the private section, but mostly in the government sectors), they face a decision at retirement  of how to take the retirement income distribution. 

Basically,  they have two options.  They can take a lifetime income, which is the highest income the annuitant can receive over their lifetimes.  Or, they can take some variation of a survivorship  benefit for their spouse.  The 50% joint payout is the normal payout, however, some plans will allow 75% and 100%.  The higher the percentage spousal benefit, the lower the annuitant payout.     

Example:  

This example uses the joint and survivor 50% payout. 

Let us assume if the annuitant takes the single life payout, the payout would be $2,100 per month.  If the annuitant took the survivorship options, the payout would be $1,600.  There is a $500 difference per month.  Should the spouse die first, usually, the surviving annuitant is stuck with the $1,600 for their life.  

On the other hand, if the annuitant took the life income of $2,100 and dies first, the spouse receives nothing.  

Options: 

A great guarantee options, is to purchase  a life insurance  plan in the amount which will represent the present value of the survivorship value would be. 

By purchasing a $285,000 life insurance policy, using an assumption of 3% earnings on the investment, the payout would be guaranteed for 20 years.  If the annuitant wanted the $1,600 a month for a 25 year period, the present value is $334,332.  

Scenario: 

If the annuitant dies first, the pension would end, however, the life insurance would be paid tax free.  The surviving spouse could invested  the proceeds and take withdrawals from the account  equal to what the spouse would have received under the joint and survivor pension payout.  The spouse could take more or less, as needed. 

If the spouse predeceased the annuitant the  life insurance can be cashed out, or continue to stay in force to create a legacy for the family.  The policy also can also be used to supplement a retirement income for the annuitant using the cash value. 

Unlike the pensions joint and survivor option, the Pension Maximization Plan offers much more flexibility in the planning.  It also allows for maximum payout should the annuitant live a long life while providing security for the spouse. 

Special Free Report”; If you are interested in a tax-free retirement sponsored by your company, get this special report called; Wealth Without Taxes.  This is a plan designed for business owners and key executives, not the rank and file.  Besides tax free benefits, the program offers business owners the ability to shift business income to their personal ledger with minimum tax exposure. To get this report, CLICK FOR YOUR REPORT   Once you fill out your email information, you will receive the report.  Thank you. 


https://youtu.be/DF-GwmDD6kQ

Click to view a 4 minute video.

The Six Most Costly Financial Mistakes Business Owners Make Costing Them to Owe Huge Taxes!

Many business owners are unaware of the opportunities they have in creating wealth through their business.  Many owners put too much wealth in their business, where it can be tied up or hard to get out.  It also prevents them from accumulating outside retirement funds.

There are several ways to create wealth through your business on a tax-efficient basis which many owners are not aware of.  

I would like to share with you the six mistakes that prevent owners from creating more wealth by utilizing the business cash flow. 

  1. NOT IMPLEMENTING A CEEP: (Corporate Executive Equity Plan) for themselves.  This is one of the most tax effective methods of creating personal wealth using corporate cash flow.  The cost of providing this wealth creating account costs the owner about 30% of the tax cost.  Example: if the company bonused $20,000 to the owner for a personal retirement plan, the tax cost would be $6,000 each year.  However, under a CEEP arrangement, the cost would only be a $60 the first year, and about $1,200 the 20th year. This is one of the most misunderstood concepts in executive compensation by attorneys, insurance professionals and CPA’S.  Consequently, it might be considered under used.  However, the executive compensation specialist understands how the plans work and how it can be of great value for the business owner in shifting income from the company to the personal side of the owner. 
  2. NOT TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE SECTION 412(e)(1): which allows the owner to make a substantial number of tax-deductible contributions into a retirement plan skewed towards the higher paid owner.  Example, the owner aged 50 can deposit up to $213,905 fully tax-deductible.  Great for good cash flow companies.
  3. NOT USING THE “SAFE HARBOR RETIREMENT PLAN”: where a substantial amount of the tax-deductible contributions can be allocated to the higher paid participants.  Also, included in this arrangement is the “Cash Balance Plan”.  These plans create greater tax-deductions for higher paid employees.   
  4. NOT TAKING ADVANTAGE OF   A RESTRICTED BENEFIT PLANS (RBP): which is a discriminatory and tax-deductible plan.  It can be used to provide valuable benefits to retain key people.  The business owner keeps the forfeitures if the employee leaves before vested. This can lock your key group to your company.  
  5. NOT CREATING A DEFERRED COMPENSATION PLAN:  This is a flexible, separate, and discretionary retirement benefit that can also become a mechanism for funding the sale of your business in the future and create retirement income. The pot is sweetened when you add a DBO (Death Benefit Only) to the planning. 
  6. NOT CREATING AND NOT FUNDING YOUR BUY AND SELL AGREEMENTS: A disability, long term illness, or death may occur long before the owner planned to exit their business, creating a path to financial disaster not only for the owner, but their family, partners, and employees.  This is one of the most egregious mistakes I see business owners make.  Many times, it goes unnoticed by the advisors.  This is one of the reasons why I am an advocate of check-off lists, “fire drills”, and annual reviews.[i]

Simply Put!  By Utilizing These Common Benefits, Owners Can Maximize Their Fullest Potential Business Value! 

To help you understand some of the ways to utilize your business cash flow to create more wealth for you and your family, I put together this FREE WHITE PAPER, CALLED “A TAX -FREE LIFESTYLE FOR BUSINESS OWNERS”, AND I would like to GIVE this FREE WHITE PAPER TO YOU.  

THIS REPORT will help you understand how you can use your business to take advantage of discriminatory benefits   plans for yourself, family members, and key employees.    The Tax-Free Lifestyle REPORT is strictly for small business owners who want to grow their business while creating more wealth outside of their business.   I designed this white paper to help business owners avoid the COMMON MISTAKES made by other business owners which forced them to work more years, save less retirement, pay more in taxes, and tied up too much wealth in their business, creating more stress, and had no free time for themselves! 

You’ll also discover in the TAX-FREE REPORT:

  • One simple concept allowing you to retire with more wealth or retire years sooner.  (This one simple financial principle is rarely ever talked about on “pop news” financial TV shows or by other so-called “financial planners”. 
  •  2 proven strategies to increase cash flow and reduce expenses if you really want to sleep at night!
  • 3 secret ways to have your business build a tax-free wealth account for your personal and business use!
  • Your Business DNA” Understanding this key allows you to double your savings and retirement investing without making a single dollar more in income or investing in more capital equipment and labor.
  •  5 value drivers to prepare your business for a sale, even 20 years in advance!
  • How a simple inexpensive benefit plan can keep your key people! 
  • How creating a Deferred Compensation plan can help finance the future sale of your business.
  • How having a benefit plan for you in the future can lower your cost to sell your business?
  • Misleading and incorrect “old wives’ tales” about creating wealth in your business. 
  • Tax saving strategies that 9 out of 10 business owners don’t use and end up paying more taxes
  • Much more…

TO RECEIVE YOUR FREE   NO OBLIGATION WHITE PAPER Called: 

The Tax-Free Lifestyle for Business Owners”

To request your free white paper 

CLICK SUBMIT:     Wealth Without Taxes Report

Once you submit your email address, you will receive your report immediately! Enjoy!

Now you may be asking…Why would I spend my own money to send you this FREE WHITE PAPER? Think of it as my personal introduction… a way for you to get to know me better.  Nothing more than that! 

Often enough, when business owners learn the information in this guide, they decide they want to know more about what we do, and possibly do business with us so they can have our business owner expertise and in-depth knowledge of how business owners think.  I know, I am one of them. I know what you think because I think about it all the time.  Let’s say 24/7 to be safe! Just as you value the expertise in your business field, I believe working with a financial expert who knows what it is to run a business and knows the business world is critical to your financial health.

That’s it!  Let me send you “The Tax-Free Lifestyle for Business Owners”.   Do with it what you want. Maybe you’ll want to talk to us further, maybe you won’t.   There is no obligation to do so.

Either way, I think you’ll find the information in this report will be immensely valuable to helping deal with the “what if’s, grow your business value, enjoy it more, and create more time for you and your family while creating an almost “stress-free” life with tremendous financial freedom in the future.  Oh yes! NO TAXES EITHER!    Visit www.yourbusinessworth.com  to learn more! 

FOR A 7 MINUTE VIDEO


[i] Paul Hood: “Buy and Sell Agreements- the last will and testament for business owners”.  Paul discusses his check off list, and his “fire drill”.  I am an advocate for these systems to make sure the buy and sell agreement is a perfect of a fit to the entity and owners as possible.